Proportionality

Standard

Proportionality

When data is PROPORTIONAL it:

-Has to start at the Origin (0,0). Y-Intercept is 0.
-Has a constant rate of change (m=y/x)
-Is Linear
-Has an equation in the form of y=mx

proportional

When data is NON-PROPORTIONAL it is missing one of the following:
-Does not start at the Origin (0,0). Y-Intercept is not 0.
-Does not have a constant rate of change (m=y/x)
-Linear
-Equation is in the form of y=mx+b

nonprop1

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Functions

Standard

A Function is Special

A function is a type of equation.

A function has special rules it must follow:

In a function there can ONLY be ONE output(y) for every input (x).

Just like I stated before, a Function is Special! 🙂

  • It must work for every possible input value
  • And it has only one relationship for each input value

function      function

THIS IS A FUNCTION!                  THIS IS NOT A FUNCTION!

***Think of the birthday example. Each person can only have 1 birthday, other people might have the same birthday as you but you have only 1. You are like the x (input) value and your birthday the y (output) value.***

Example: y = x²

FUNCTION

function

Could also be written as a table:

X: x Y: x2
3 9
1 1
0 0
4 16
-4 16

It is a function, because:

  • Every element in X is related to Y
  • No element in X has two or more relationships
  • The X values DO NOT repeat

So it follows the rules.

(Notice how both 4 and -4 relate to 16, which is allowed since 4 and -4 are two different numbers.)

Example: This relationship is not a function:

NOT A FUNCTION

function

This is not a function, for these reasons:

  • Value “3” in X has no Y
  • Value “4” in X has no Y
  • Value “5” is related to more than one value in Y
  • REMEMBER THE X VALUE CANNOT REPEAT

Find more information about functions here.