Unit 5: Proportional vs Non-Proportional Functions

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Functions

A Function is Special

A function is a type of equation.

A function has special rules it must follow:

In a function there can ONLY be ONE output(y) for every input (x).

Just like I stated before, a Function is Special! 🙂

  • It must work for every possible input value
  • And it has only one relationship for each input value

function      function

THIS IS A FUNCTION!                  THIS IS NOT A FUNCTION!

***Think of the birthday example. Each person can only have 1 birthday, other people might have the same birthday as you but you have only 1. You are like the x (input) value and your birthday the y (output) value.***

Example: y = x²

FUNCTION

function

Could also be written as a table:

X: x Y: x2
3 9
1 1
0 0
4 16
-4 16

It is a function, because:

  • Every element in X is related to Y
  • No element in X has two or more relationships
  • The X values DO NOT repeat

So it follows the rules.

(Notice how both 4 and -4 relate to 16, which is allowed since 4 and -4 are two different numbers.)

Example: This relationship is not a function:

NOT A FUNCTION

function

This is not a function, for these reasons:

  • Value “3” in X has no Y
  • Value “4” in X has no Y
  • Value “5” is related to more than one value in Y
  • REMEMBER THE X VALUE CANNOT REPEAT

Find more information about functions here.

Find more information about functions here.

 

Unit Rate

Unit rates are about the amount for 1 unit.

We use Ratio Tables to help solve for rates.
Our Ratio table looks like a tic-tac-toe table.

rt
We MUST label our table to know where to put our information

Ex. Bob drives 100 miles in 5 hours. How many miles does he travel every hour?

Ratio Table

Now we fill in the information that is given.

Bob drives 100 miles in 5 hours. How many miles does he travel every hour?

Ratio

Once we have entered what was given we need to see what the question is asking us.

Ex. Bob drives 100 miles in 5 hours. How many miles does he travel every hour?

Ask yourself, is the problem asking how many hours it takes for 1 mile or how many miles for 1 hour???????

If you said how many miles for 1 hour, you are correct!

So now we enter that into our Ratio Table.

Rat

The x is the unknown. This is what we are solving for.

Rati

To solve for x, we multiply 100 and 1. Then divide by the number left over which is 5.

We end up with x = 20.

So Bob drives 20 miles per hour.

Click here to watch a video with a different way to find unit rate.

Test yourself on unit rates here!

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